Spinal Stenosis Treatments
What is Spinal Stenosis?
Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal and it can occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing (stenosis) causes restrictions and tightening within the spinal canal.
Types of Spinal Stenosis
The location of the stenosis itself will affect different areas of the body. With spinal stenosis in particular, the spinal canal is narrowed at the vertebral canal, which is where the vertebrae in the cervical / thoracic spine or nerve roots in the lumbar spine are located. There are several types of spinal stenosis, lumbar stenosis is the most common, but cervical stenosis is more dangerous because of the compression in the spinal cord itself as opposed to the cauda equina.
What Causes Spinal Stenosis?
Causes of spinal stenosis may include rheumatoid arthritis, general aging, trauma, and compression fractures.
What Are the Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?
The common symptoms of spinal stenosis include: weakness, numbness, pain, loss of sensation in that area as well as loss of or reduced motor function. Most notably, leg and back pain will be prevalent when walking or performing daily activities.
Spinal Stenosis Treatment and Surgery
We are the leader for spinal stenosis treatment in the Lansing area. Nonsurgical options to treat spinal stenosis include, swelling reducing medication, activity limiting, physical therapy and back braces. In cases with advanced stenosis, especially in cauda equina syndrome, surgery to treat symptoms and decompress the spine is required. Surgery should be considered when problems come from walking, bowel / bladder function, nervous system problems as well as doctor recommendation.
What is Cauda Equina Syndrome?
The cauda equina are a bundle of nerves that innervates the pelvic organs and lower limbs to include motor innervation of the hips, knees, ankles, feet, internal anal sphincter and external anal sphincter. In addition, the cauda equina extends to sensory innervation of the perineum and, partially, parasympathetic innervation of the bladder. Cauda Equina syndrome is a rare form of spinal stenosis in which these nerves are compressed.