Craniosynostosis Symptoms and Treatment
Craniosynostosis (kray-nee-o-sin-os-TOE-sis) is a birth defect in which one or more of the joints between the bones of the skull close before complete formation. Craniosynostosis prevents a Childs brain from growing into its natural shape.
In some cases of Craniosynostosis where there is not enough room for proper growth, intracranial pressure develops which can cause sleeping, mental, and visual impairment as well as eating difficulties.
How the disease affects your baby depends in part on how many of the skull sutures close too soon:
If only one suture closes, the baby’s brain usually develops normally, but the head has an odd shape. This happens in most cases of Craniosynostosis.
If more than one suture closes, more severe conditions can develop like those mentioned above.
What Causes Craniosynostosis?
Despite research, there is no definitive answer as to what is the root cause of Craniosynostosis, Heredity however seems is one of the leading indicators.
How Common is Craniosynostosis?
Craniosynostosis occurs in about 1 out of 2,000 births and is usually an isolated condition.
How is Craniosynostosis treated?
Surgery to form new suture(s) is usually needed in the first year of life. It helps prevent or relieve pressure on the brain. It also corrects your baby’s head shape.
The earlier your child has surgery, the better the results. If there is pressure on the brain, your child needs surgery right away. If your baby doesn’t seem to have pressure on the brain, your doctor may advise you to wait and see if your baby’s head shape returns to normal without surgery. Your child may wear a special helmet or other device to help reshape the skull. But your child may still need surgery later.
Source: Craniosynostosis WebMD