Microvascular Decompression for Trigemenal Neuralgia
What is Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Trigeminal neuralgia is sometimes referred to as prosopalgia or Fothergill's disease and is a neuropathic disorder. It is most often characterized by intense pain felt in the ear, eye, lips, nose, scalp, forehead, cheeks, teeth, or jaw and side of the face.
How common is Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Estimates show that about 1 in 20,000 people suffer from TrigeminalNeuralgia. In most cases, symptoms usually don’t appear until the age of 50 and is more common to occur in women than men.
What are the Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia?
As mentioned above, the disorder is characterized by episodes of intense pain to certain areas of the face. These episodes are commonly described as feelings of stabbing electric shocks, burning, pressing, crushing and exploding or shooting pain. These episode range in length from a few seconds to several minutes and can happen hundreds of times throughout the day. While rare, this disorder can become bilateral and appear in more than one area as time goes by.
What Causes Trigeminal Neuralgia?
Research indicates that the most likely cause of Trigeminal Neuralgia is an enlarged blood vessel that compresses against nerve. This compression then injures the nerve's protective lining and causes hyperactive functioning which in turn leads to the episodes of intense pain. Trigeminal Neuralgia causes can be many; aneurysms, tumors, arachnoid cyst or by a traumatic injury.
Treating Trigeminal Neuralgia
Surgical treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia includes a craniotomy, for more information on that procedure please visit our page here.