Spinal Trauma Symptoms and Treatment

Spinal trauma is damage to the spinal cord resulting in loss of movement or sensation.  The American Spinal Injury Association classifies spinal trauma into five types.Spinal trauma is damage to the spinal cord resulting in loss of movement or sensation. The severity and location of where the trauma occurs greatly affects the symptoms, treatment, and condition of the patient.

In injuries classified as “Complete” almost all sensation and function are lost below the spinal cord. Injuries classified as “Incomplete” usually have some motor or sensory loss associated to them. “Tetra and Quadriplegic” injuries mean that all major parts of the body are affected by the injury and lastly “paraplegic” injuries usually affect your trunk and lower body. 

Symptoms of Spinal Trauma
Depending on the severity and location of the injury, the following symptoms may appear; Loss of movement, loss of sensation, loss of bladder and bowel control, exaggerated reflexes, pain and intense stinging in your spinal column, or difficulty breathing.
Diagnosing a Spinal Injury
Tests on patients who seem to be experiencing spinal trauma or general spine issues include; CT Scans, X-rays, and MRI’s. These may be done multiple times to measure swelling, diagnosis injury condition and healing status etc…
Preventing Spinal Cord Injury
While there is no single way to completely protect yourself from getting a spinal cord injury, there are ways to lower your chances of getting one. Avoiding driving recklessly and risky or potentially harmful situations are two major ways to protect yourself.
Treating Spinal Trauma
If you suspect that you or someone you know is experiencing spinal trauma it is highly advised to receive medical attention immediately. While there is no way to repair most spinal trauma injuries, prevention and ongoing care can help alleviate many symptoms. Physical Rehabilitation, Medication, and therapy are just a few of the many treatment options available.